Africa is all set to become a continent with the most significant number of young individuals in the world. The present and the future challenge in the field of youth employment offers an important focus for both international and national interventions and policies. Nevertheless, there are contradictory views regarding African youth.
Sometimes, the youth in Africa is portrayed as the future of the continent, while at other times, it is considered a threat to the stability of the continent.
Observations On African Youth And Employment
If you go by the reports, approximately 60% of the population in Africa is under 25 years of age. The youth of the continent accounts for twice the people of Europe. People are expecting that by the year 2050, Africa will be home to the most significant number of young individuals. It will amount to approximately twice the youth of Oceania, East Asia, Southeast Asia, and also South Asia.
Nearly 10 to 12 million young individuals from Africa get into some employment every year. But it is sad to note that only 3% of this count can find jobs. People are envisaging that, by 2035, young individuals from Africa will be heavily engrossed in employment. Also, by 2050, Africa shall serve as home to approximately 1.25 billion individuals of employment age. However, the continent must create around 18 million new scopes of employment for absorbing its new entrants.
Problems For African Youth Seeking Employment
The economic and demographic trends in Africa are not in perfect tune with the availability of employment for the young individuals of the continent. The economic growth of the continent in the last decade has been jobless. Many young individuals in Africa are presently unemployed, mainly because the demographic dividends have not been still realized. The continent has a very low infant mortality rate, and a high fertility rate and both these factors are contributing towards a population majorly comprised of young adults and children.
Coming up with significant employment opportunities for the youth of Africa is an important national strategy, especially when it comes to avoiding the wastage of demographic dividends. Many countries in Africa have appointed Ministers of Youth. They have also come up with national youth plans aiming towards providing employment opportunities to young adults.
Understanding The Young Africa Concept
Ten of the youngest nations across the world are in Africa. However, people still do not know who the African youth are. Young adults in Africa have become an assignment for political leaders, NGOs, and governments. There are varied projections where young Africans take diverse positions in the social order. It is the reason why young individuals in Africa have entirely lost their innocence. Furthermore, youth from Africa are also considered untapped resources for the fastest-developing economies of the world.
Doing Away With The Challenges
In doing away with the challenges of African youth unemployment, it would make sense to put in good money in modern sectors and also industries. It would appeal to young individuals. In Africa, the largest potential for work lies in areas like ICT services, tourism, transport, and agribusiness. Therefore, efforts should be made towards strengthening these sectors and bringing in more employment opportunities in the same.