The map of the West Africa consists of the bulge portion of the African continent in its southwestern part. The African transition zone bisects this region.
The Atlantic Ocean is along the western and southern borders. The south edge of the Sahara Desert forms the southeastern border. On the eastern border, the Cameroon Highlands is between Cameroon and Nigeria. And the northern border includes Algeria.
Some Of The Countries In The Map Of The West Africa
It was a French colony earlier. The state is landlocked as the Sahara desert is gradually capturing its area. Subsistence farmers are the primary citizens of this country. Uranium mining is the main export which is also crucial for the economy. However, in recent times oil exploration began to strengthen the state economy.
Mali In Map Of The West Africa
Mali is in the west of Niger. It is another landlocked country that has Muslims as majority citizens. It was a wealthy state because of gold, copper, and also salt mines. The Niger River passes through a vast region.
As a consequence, the waterway is an essential means of transport. Most of the people living near the river valley earn their livelihood by fishing. Bamako, located in the southwest of the country, is the capital city.
Senegal And Gambia
Senegal is on the Atlantic coast. It surrounds another independent country, Gambia. Senegal was a French colony whereas the Gambia was a British colony. This city extends on both sides of the river Gambia. Besides, it is the smallest state on the mainland of the African continent. During the confederation of Senegambia, from 1982 to 1989, these two countries got united. Though they maintain separate political identities.
Guinea And Guinea-Bissau
In 1974, it became independent from the grip of the Portuguese rule. Since then, various incidents took place like military rule, leadership changes. The president of Guinea was assassinated in 2009.
Due to unstable politics and poor economy, corruption, theft, and civil war hindered its development. It has turn into one of the poorest countries. The condition is so pathetic that the nation has to depend on other countries to fulfill its basic needs.
Guinea was a French colony. In spite of having abundant natural resources, it suffered the same crisis as Guinea-Bissau due to political and economic instability. Most of the citizens make their livelihood through agriculture. This state is enriched with bauxite and valuable minerals like gold and diamonds. The political disastrous is the major obstruction for the development.
Map Of The West Africa Includes Mauritania
It is again an Islamic state dominated by the Sahara Desert. If you follow the map, you can see that Mauritania, Niger, and also Mali are the largest countries of this region on the east of river Mississipi. Since it is in the coastal area, water transport is the primary means to communicate with the rest of the world. The political and also economic issues are common in most of the countries in this region.
Ivory Coast, the former French colony, was once one of the most developed West African colonies.