North Africa is a region of the African continent bounded by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea to its north, and known primarily as the Maghreb. The most densely populated area of North Africa is that portion that falls within the sovereign states of Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia. It has been inhabited since prehistoric times along much of the Mediterranean coast as well as the Sahara desert and shows a rich record of human habitation.
History of North Africa:
The history of North Africa can be divided into a number of distinct periods: the Pharaonic civilization, which lasted from around 3000 BC to 332 BC; Ancient Egypt under the Pharaohs from around 300 BC to 30 AD; the Carthaginian Empire from 390 BC to 146 BC; the period following this, which saw Rome’s century-long involvement in the area, and which ended with its conquest by the Vandals in 439 AD; followed by the Islamic conquests of 642 AD.
North Africa was gradually conquered by Arab Muslims, who brought Berber people from their native lands to the Maghreb.
The people of North Africa enjoyed many civilizations throughout history. It was home to some great civilizations. One of them is the Pharaonic civilization which was very advanced for its time in fact it was even more so than other well-known civilizations like Ancient Greece and Rome during their peak. The Pharaonic Civilization is also known as the Ancient Egyptian civilization, The Ancient Egyptians were one of the most advanced civilizations at that time. It is said that the Calculation machine was used to perform different mathematical calculations. It’s also believed that they were the first to use paper even though it wasn’t common back then but still very useful today.
The Pharaonic civilization lasted from around 3000 BC to 332 BC and the Ancient Egyptians were able to build great Pyramids which are still standing today after thousands of years since it was built.
The Carthaginian Empire lasted from 390 BC to 146 BC, It was a Pharaonic city-state which means that it wasn’t an empire but rather a state where they had their own army and government and they were located in Northern Africa.
The Carthaginian Empire was able to expand during its existence, The Roman empire decided to expand into the Carthaginian Empire which then led to a war between the two empires known as the Punic Wars.
The North African Campaign of World War II was directed by General Dwight D. Eisenhower and it was a series of battles, as well as lesser skirmishes and operations which started on November 8, 1942, during World War II. The campaign took place in North Africa from Morocco to Algeria against the forces of Germany’s “Wehrmacht” army and some Italian forces.
Some people argue that Rome is located in northern Africa but that is completely false, Rome was located in central Italy. Most people mistake Rome with Ancient Rome where the Roman empire once stood, however, the capital of the Roman Empire moved to Constantinople which later became Istanbul during Constantine’s rule.
Even though many empires and civilizations have existed in North Africa throughout history it wasn’t until Islam established itself as a religion in the 7th century did North Africa become popular it was during this time were great civilizations started because of the Islamic religion.
It is believed that Islam emerged in the early 7th century when Muhammad began receiving what Muslims consider to be divine revelations and communicated them verbally to others, During his life is was revealed such verses which slowly changed how people look at Islam and what they believe which then led to the Islamic religion.
Islam spread quickly and was able to reach North Africa which led to the Islamic civilization in that area. It was during this time were great civilizations like The Almohad Berber, Timbuktu, and Mali, and also Sub-Saharan Africa prospered due to Islam’s influence it helped promote Learning, Arts, Science, and Literature.