The Savanna’s are one of a kind ecosystem. The high tree densities are widely spaced. This results in an open canopy. As a result, an herbaceous ground layer grows. These savanna plants are home to rare flora and fauna. Africa’s savanna plants are unique in this world. The Savanna encompasses an area of more than 5 million square miles. This area has exclusive biodiversity. The plants here are especially accustomed to the harsh environment. Long stretches of grasslands with a few trees go on for miles.
The Savanna’s have incoherent rainfall most of the time. Most months experience a dry period. Moreover, some regions have less than six inches of rainfall. This makes life inhabitable. During the hot months, bush fires are more common. Plants have adapted quite extraordinarily to this harsh climate. Plants here have very deep roots. This helps to store excess water from deep underground. It even protects plants from wildfires. Plants here have a self-defense mechanism for protection against grazing animals. From covering up with thorns to producing bad-tasting chemicals, plants have a special way of protection.
Africa’s Savanna Plants- Acacia Tree
The most popular sight in the Savanna’s is the Acacia tree. Most iconic African savanna photos show Acacia trees. Growing up to 20m tall, this tree is the food source for giraffes. Having greenish grey leaves, Acacia has long thorns. There are more than 1300 species of these trees. The Acacia Senegal in northern Africa is a primary source of gum. The Acacia trees have special self-defense mechanism. Over time long thorns developed for protection. Acacia trees also send out fatal chemicals when an intruder is detected. The trees also signal other trees to do the same.
Africa’s Savanna Plants- Baobab Tree
Next to Acacia in terms of popularity is the Baobab Tree. Providing for some picturesque locations, Baobab trees are extraordinary. Also called ‘Tree of Life’, the Baobab tree predates mankind. It stores a large amount of water in its massive trunk. The tree produces a rare nutrient fused fruit during the dry season. These trees can grow 30m tall and 50m wide. The Baobab trees provide food and shelter for animals and humans. The trees are also fire resistant due to very thick bark. The baobab fruit is a healthy nutrient source. The bark can be utilized for rope and garments.
These are another common sight in the Savanna. Named because of their length, they grow up to 10m tall. The Elephant grass is found near water sources in fertile soil. Farmers use the grass as food for cattle. Greenish yellow in color these strands of grass grow thick. The Elephant grass attracts pests and insects. Birds build their nests in these grassy areas. These grasses help farmers by enriching the soil. The seeds of the grass are 9 inches plumes in purplish hue. Elephant grass sometimes clogs waterways due to their dense growth. These grasses also have planted their roots deep inside the surface.