The African savanna ecosystem is a vast grassland with tropical temperatures throughout the year. It also experiences the maximum rainfall in the summer months. The savanna has a typical grass throughout along with small trees that are scattered. This arrangement allows sunlight to reach the ground easily. This grassland covers the major area of this entire continent. One can find certain unique animals and plants here that are not found anywhere else in the world. Here are some African savannah interesting facts.
This unique tropical grassland is a large area of grass with scattered and small bushes and trees. These tropical grasslands are called savannas as they have a rainforest on one side and dessert on the other side. You can find various rare and exotic animals and birds here, such as zebras, lions, and giraffes. You can also find these animals in zoos across the world, but it is a different experience to view these animals in their natural habitats. Here are a few important facts about the African savanna.
The weather here is warm and humid all year round. The temperatures range from 68 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit. You may not need an umbrella if you are traveling in those months which do not see any rainfall, such as between October to February. There might be occasional rain during these winter months. One may see a fire from lightning at this time of the year. The African savanna gets around 10 to 30 inches of rain annually during the entire wet season. December to February is the dry season here.
There is a wide-open land on the entire African savanna. You can find various types of grasses and brushes growing in clusters with bare and open land beneath them. In some areas, elephant grasses may grow up to a height of 10 feet. As the rain is a few less, there are very few shrubs and trees growing here. The plants growing here are very strong as they must survive harsh conditions and sudden fires. Some trees grow with a thick bark around them for protection against fire. These plants also have deeper roots to reach underground water and also have the ability to store water for long durations. Other delicate plants die easily and then again regrow during the spring season.
The animals staying here depend on the plants for their food and water. Most animals found here are herbivores, such as giraffes, zebras, elephants, deer, etc. Certain carnivorous animals like lions, tigers, hyenas, and leopards can also be found hiding behind tall trees or grass to hunt their prey.
Importance Of The African Savanna
The African savanna has a very different arrangement and function when compared to the other forests in the world. These are very important ecological biomes that sustain a lot of plant and animal species. These tropical forests have a lot of rare plants and animals. The savanna also plays a major role in regulating global warming as the grassland stores a lot of carbon.